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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

BELLOLIO, Felipe et al. Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis performed simultaneously or delayed with the proctocolectomy. Short and long-term results in patients with ulcerative colitis. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2016, vol.68, n.5, pp.368-372. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchic.2016.01.001.

Aim: To compare the surgical results of both groups: Simultaneous with the proctocolectomy (SRP) (group 1) or delayed after colectomy (DRP) (group 2). Material and methods: Retrospective study on 126 patients submitted to RP. All patients had a J-pouch, except 4 S. All of them protected with a loop ileostomy. The median time between colectomy and IPAA was 5 months (4-6 range). Clavien-Dindo II-V complications were registered. Results: 126 patients had IPAA. Age median 37 years (12-61 range); 72 (57%) women. SRP in 24 (19%) and DRP was performed in 102 (81%). Postoperative complications were recorded in 19 patients (13%). Wound infection and pelvic sepsis were observed in 4% each. Three patients needed early reoperation: two for hemoperitoneum and one for ischemic necrosis of the pouch. There was no post-operative mortality. No significant difference in 30 days postoperative complication rate was found between SRP and DRP. On long-term follow-up: Intestinal obstruction in 18 patients (14%), pouch-vaginal fistula (PVF) in 9 (12.5%) and chronic pouchitis in 8 (6.9%) were the most common complications. PVF was significantly more frequent on group 1. Conclusion: In this series, no significant difference was found in the early surgical results between group 1 and 2. In the long term, PVF was significantly more common in group 1.

Palabras clave : Ulcerative Colitis; Proctocolectomy; Reservoir; Ileo-anal pouch.

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