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Revista chilena de cirugía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4026

Resumen

CSENDES, Attila et al. Results of surgical treatment of gastric cancer in patients with 80 or more years of age. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2017, vol.69, n.4, pp.320-324. ISSN 0718-4026.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rchic.2017.03.003.

Introduction: The longevity of Chilean population has increased greatly in the last 25 years, similar to world population. Gastric cancer in Chile is the first cause of death due to malignant tumors. Purpose: To determine operative mortality of subtotal or total gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer older than 80 years, and the rate 5 year-survival. Material and method: This is an retrospective-prospective study of all patients with 80 years of age or more submitted to gastric resection due to gastric cancer between 1988 and 2016. Patients submitted to non-resective procedures were excluded. The following parameters were analized: symptoms and signs, comorbidities, pathologic features of the gastric cancer, operative mortality according to the gastrectomy and 5-year survival rate. Results: There were 70 patients with gastric cancer older than 80 years of age, which represented 7.4% of all patients with gastric cancer submitted to gastric resection in the same period of time. Most frequent symptoms were epigastric pain, loss of weight and chronic microcitic anemia. There were 66% of the patients with comorbidities. The tumor was located mainly in the upper third of the stomach, being an adenocarcinoma in 66 patients (94%). There were also 2 linfomas, one GIST and one patient with a malignant carcinoid. Early cancer was observed in 12% of the adenocarcinomas. Global operative mortality was 17% being 5% for subtotal and 22% for total gastrectomy. Mean 5-year survival rate was 26%. Conclusions: Subtotal or total gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer with 80 years of age or more is possible to perform in selected patients, but the risk of operative mortality is 7 to 10 times greater than below 75 years of age.

Palabras clave : Gastric cancer; Gastrectomy; Age over 80 years.

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