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Revista chilena de cirugía

On-line version ISSN 0718-4026


CARRILLO, Katya et al. Microbiological findings and antimicrobial susceptibility analysis: emergency general abdominal surgery profile. Rev Chil Cir [online]. 2018, vol.70, n.1, pp.13-18. ISSN 0718-4026.


Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem. In patients requiring emergency surgery, antibiotics are an important assistance additional to surgical intervention.


Analize peritoneal fluid cultures obtaines from patients who underwent emergency surgery.


A prospective cohort of emergency abdominal surgical patients were enrolled. Peritoneal fluid cultures were taken and processed according to standarized technique.


A 39.4% of positive cultures was found. E. coli was the most common bacteria identified. Five positive cultures for P. aeruginosa stand out. E. coli had 25% resistance to ampicillin/sulbactam and 19% for quinolones.


Resistance found was lower than international reports, but still noteworthy. Knowledge of local bacteria profile and antimicrobial resistance is important for local antibiotic hospital policy.

Keywords : Peritoneal fluid; Emergency surgery; Antibiogram.

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