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Revista de filosofía

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4360


GARCIA DE LA HUERTA, Marcos. Crisis of the state or destruction of the public sphere?: (on a thesis of Mario Góngora). Rev. filos. [online]. 2014, vol.70, pp.105-118. ISSN 0718-4360.

The crisis of the State in Chile during the XX century is a crucial question for a nation which was “created by the State”, according to a thesis of Mario Góngora. This article analyses two main subjects of this interpretation: 1) the meaning of that primacy of the State over the nation -is it actually merely a descriptive proposition sustained in the empirical use of reason, or has the same fictional and constituent character of its reversal (the nation creates the State)-; and 2) the critic of the “global planning”, particularly the neoliberal reform of the State during the military regime. This stance represents a kind of historicist, conservative, critic of neo-conservatism, argues the author. Otherwise, that primacy of the State would involve a conception of politics which identifies it with the governmental action and assimilate power with domination. What is at stake, then, with the crisis of the State would be the destruction of the public sphere, the privatization of politics.

Palabras clave : State; nation; crisis; global planning; historicism; politics.

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