SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
 issue45Is math ability a gender issue?: Gender stereotyoes about math in kindergarten children, their families and teachersWhat and how much math elementary school students learn, with the Singapore Method: evaluation of impact and incident factors on learning, with an emphasis on the gender gap author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Calidad en la educación

On-line version ISSN 0718-4565

Abstract

FERNANDEZ, María Cecilia  and  HAURI, Scarlet. Learning outcomes in La Araucanía: The gender gap on the Simce Test and the androcentrism in the discourses of language and math teachers. Calidad en la educación [online]. 2016, n.45, pp.54-89. ISSN 0718-4565.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-45652016000200003.

This article presents results from research which analyzed the gender gap on the standardized test, Simce, for Math and Reading from 2006 to 2014, among 4th, 8th and 12th grade students, from the region of Araucanía, Chile. The data show that in math, the gender gap tends to decrease, while in language it continues to increase. Additionally, the school’s characteristics such as geographic location and socioeconomic level, and whether the students belong to the Mapuche community, together intensify gender inequality. In the qualitative phase, we analyzed teacher discourse in the areas of language and math in eight schools using the Appraisal Model. We conclude that the educators identify differentiated abilities among boys and girls regarding academic performance in these subjects. Thus, in math, the Judgement of Social Esteem of Ability predominates in the valuing of boys and Tenacity in the evaluation of girls. Moreover, language performance is explained by meanings of affect associated with interest and motivation. Finally, teachers’ expectations of their students are associated with the division of gender roles.

Keywords : androcentrism; appraisal framework; discourse studies; gender gap; Simce.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License