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Calidad en la educación

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4565

Resumen

ORTIZ, Iván. Relation between schools’ and municipalities’ social composition in the Santiago Metropolitan Region. Calidad en la educación [online]. 2018, n.48, pp.166-203. ISSN 0718-4565.  http://dx.doi.org/10.31619/caledu.n48.483.

This article addresses the social inclusion of schools. It explores the extent to which the social composition of schools is associated with that of the municipality, based on the premise that this would determine opportunities for school social mix. Data obtained from different sources, namely the fourth-grade results from Simce 2013 and the 2013 Casen Survey, were used to find out if variables based on territory such as population size, household monetary income, social heterogeneity and poverty would predict social composition of schools in the Santiago Metropolitan Area. Since the focus is on the social inclusion of the school, within a general context of segmentation, an appropriate indicator is proposed to make it visible. On average, 20% of fourth-grade students in 2013 attended schools that could be categorized as mixed, with peers from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. A logistic regression model was used to adjust the data. While the model better predicted segregated schools than mixed ones, it provided valuable clues to understand how territorial variables can affect school mix.

Palabras clave : democratization of education; school integration; school segregation.

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