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vol.28 issue2Psychology and Natural Disasters: Earthquake and Tsunami in Chile on February 27,2010Post-Disaster Psychological Attention: More than a "Stay Calm". A Review of Intervention Strategics Models author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Terapia psicológica

On-line version ISSN 0718-4808

Abstract

ECHEBURUA, Enrique. The challenge of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevention: How to Survive a Disaster?. Ter Psicol [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp.147-154. ISSN 0718-4808.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082010000200002.

Victims of natural disasters are subject to severe stress and disruption and may manifest a pattern of dissociative and anxiety/depression symptoms. The trauma may impair the person's quality of life and disrupt social and other functioning. If symptoms last beyond a month following the traumatic event, PTSD may ensue. These adverse effects do not always disappear with time. Acute stress management is focused on ensuring safety and providing support, including assessment of coping resources and support networks. An additional role of early intervention is to detect individuals who require more complex intervention. The issues addressed in therapy include the need to correct unrealistic expectations, to deal with guilt and phobic reactions as well as family and network reorganization. Cognitive-behavioral treatments, such as exposure techniques or cognitive restructuring approaches, have been shown to work. At times, work with the family members may be necessary too. Challenges for the future are discussed.

Keywords : Natural disaster; posttraumatic stress disorder; predictive factors; psychological treatment.

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