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vol.28 número2Psicología y Desastres Naturales: Terremoto y Tsunami: Del 27 de Febrero de 2010 en ChileAtención Psicológica Postdesastres: Más que un "Guarde la Calma". Una Revisión de los Modelos de las Estrategias de Intervención índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Terapia psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4808

Resumen

ECHEBURUA, Enrique. The challenge of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevention: How to Survive a Disaster?. Ter Psicol [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp.147-154. ISSN 0718-4808.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082010000200002.

Victims of natural disasters are subject to severe stress and disruption and may manifest a pattern of dissociative and anxiety/depression symptoms. The trauma may impair the person's quality of life and disrupt social and other functioning. If symptoms last beyond a month following the traumatic event, PTSD may ensue. These adverse effects do not always disappear with time. Acute stress management is focused on ensuring safety and providing support, including assessment of coping resources and support networks. An additional role of early intervention is to detect individuals who require more complex intervention. The issues addressed in therapy include the need to correct unrealistic expectations, to deal with guilt and phobic reactions as well as family and network reorganization. Cognitive-behavioral treatments, such as exposure techniques or cognitive restructuring approaches, have been shown to work. At times, work with the family members may be necessary too. Challenges for the future are discussed.

Palabras clave : Natural disaster; posttraumatic stress disorder; predictive factors; psychological treatment.

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