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Terapia psicológica

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4808

Resumen

LOUBAT, Margarita; FERNANDEZ, Ana María  y  MORALES, Mario. The Experience in Peralillo: A Psychological Intervention for Emergency Situations. Ter Psicol [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.2, pp.203-207. ISSN 0718-4808.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082010000200009.

This work presents a mental health intervention aiming at providing emotional support of the population of Peralillo and its surroundings, due to the earthquake that occurred in Chile on February, 2010. The goals were to implement prevention and emotional contention based on the contact with the local community network. The design included 24 volunteers affiliated to the School of Psychology (Usach), which participated in 14 visits to the area. The realm of the experience was radial and with a domino effect. 201 people were attended individually, 21 groups of emotional support were implemented (reaching 332 persons), in addition to other activities with health workers, prevention and education through the local radio, public spaces, waiting rooms, and door to door interventions in 36 homes. After concluding the intervention, the experience is regarded successful in terms of the radial coordination with the Public Health networks to face the emergency. Nevertheless, it is also necessary to consider the continuity of the disaster since strong aftershocks are still affecting the area. A new challenge to the clinical discipline will be to attend formative needs in the curricula to face future natural disasters based on this experience.

Palabras clave : Community intervention; emotional support; mental health; disaster; emergency.

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