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Terapia psicológica

On-line version ISSN 0718-4808

Abstract

LONDONO PEREZ, Constanza et al. What makes us optimistic?: Psychosocial factors as predictors of dispositional optimism in young people. Ter Psicol [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.2, pp.153-164. ISSN 0718-4808.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082014000200008.

The present study descriptive - correlational pretended to describe the relationship between dispositional optimism, psychosocial factors such as coping, spirituality and stressful life events in parents or family caregivers and teachers and sociodemographic factors such as age, education level, family composition, gender and socioeconomic status. The sample was formed by 319 high school students (male and female), between 12 and 18 years old; 138 parents and 19 teachers. It was used the Cuestionario de Optimismo Disposicional (Londoño et al., 2013); the Coping Style Inventory (Archila & Londoño, 2004), Stressful Life Events Scale (WHO); the Index of Spirituality and Wellness (Daaleman & Frey, 2004). The comparative and associative multivariate analysis showed that mixed coping in young people (social support, fantasy and self-blame) in addition to mixed coping in parents (problem solving and social support) predicted dispositional optimism in young people.

Keywords : optimism; coping; young people.

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