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Terapia psicológica

On-line version ISSN 0718-4808


ECHEBURUA, Enrique  and  AMOR, Pedro J.. Traumatic Memories: Adaptive and Maladaptive Coping Strategies. Ter Psicol [online]. 2019, vol.37, n.1, pp.71-80. ISSN 0718-4808.

In this paper the relationship between traumatic memories and coping skills to deal with them is analyzed. Traumatic memories are difficult to be integrated into the survivor's life story and can significantly interfere with social, educational and occupational functioning. From a psychopathological point of view, a distinction between normal and traumatic memories is made. Adaptive coping skills to deal with traumatic memories, such as cognitive avoidance, therapeutic exposure to traumatic memories or forgiveness, are analyzed. But there is also maladaptive coping, such as nostalgia, hate and revenge feelings or self-destructive behaviors, which should be taken into account to explain the difficulties of recovery in some patients. Finally, the cognitive emotion regulation strategies and the role of resiliency and post-traumatic growth in some patients to cope with traumatic memories are examined. Implications of this study for future research in this field are commented upon.

Keywords : traumatic memories; adaptive coping skills; maladaptive coping; resiliency; post-traumatic growth.

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