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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816


PENA M, Alejandro. A brief history of the invention of the laryngeal and head mirrors. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2008, vol.68, n.1, pp.91-94. ISSN 0718-4816.

A brief history of the laryngeal and head mirrors and of the people that participated in their invention is presented. The main credit for having thought of a system to perform a laryngoscopy is on Manuel V. Garcia, a Spanish music professor. In 1854, he used a dental speculum, a hand mirror and sunlight to observe vocal chords movements for the first time. A couple of years later, in 1856, the method spread among European doctors thanks to an Austrian neurologist: Ludwig Türck. His technique was not very widely accepted because of its dependence on sunlight. Türck s idea was perfected by Johann Czermack, a Czech physiologist. He modified the concave hand mirror with a central hole, which at the time was used by otologists to examine the tympanum, adding a headband in order to attach it to the forehead. In this way he managed to easily observe the vocal chords using light from a lamp, and reported his technique in a 1858 paper

Palabras clave : Manuel García's biography; Ludwig Türck’s biography; Johann Czermack’s biography; laryngeal mirror invention; head mirror invention.

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