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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

NAZAR M, Gonzalo et al. Universal newborn hearing screening: Review of 10,000 evaluations. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2009, vol.69, n.2, pp.93-102. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162009000200003.

Introduction: Hearing loss is the most common congenital disability, and its early recognition and treatment is important for the normal social and educational development of the child. Aim: To review the results of the universal newborn hearing screening program at our institution. Material and method: Retrospective study of all newborns examined between May 2001 and December 2007. Hearing screening was carried out by otoacoustic emissions and automated auditory brainstem potentials. Results: 30 cases of congenital hearing loss were detected among the 10.095 newborns that were examined during the study period. Most hearing impairments (80%) were mild to moderate. Diagnosis of hearing loss was confirmed by the age of 3 months in88.5%> of the patients. We estimated a congenital hearing loss rate of 2.8 cases in 1000 newborns at the nursery, and of 21 cases In 1000 high-risk newborns (neonatal ICU). Discussion: From our results, it is noteworthy the high coverage and the early diagnosis achieved, which enabled us to make timely interventions and rehabilitation.

Palabras clave : Hearing loss; neonatal screening; hearing tests.

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