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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

CANETE S, Oscar. Auditory neuropathy / dyssychrony, assessment and audiologic management. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2009, vol.69, n.3, pp.271-280. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162009000300011.

The clinical findings that define an auditory neuropathy/dyssynchrony (AN/Dys) are the integrity of the outer hair cells demonstrated by the presence of evoked otoacoustics emissions (OAEe) and/or the presence of cochlear microphonic potential (CMP) along with the absence of neural activity evoked at level of VIII nerve (action potential compound) and brainstem (Auditory Brainstem Response, ABR). The clinical conditions related to an AN they include hiperbilirrubinemia, neurodegenerative diseases (eg ataxia of Friedreich), Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome as well as other sensoriomotor neuropathies, mitocondrial disorders and hypoxic neuropathy as perinatal asphyxia. The development of the auditory and communicational abilities can be compromise in children with prelingual onset of an AN/Dys, the development and results of treatment of this disorder is still this commitment when not existing a profile prognosis. At the present time multiple studies have been observed that until a 50% of the patients with AN present some degree of benefit using hearing aids, reason why it suggests amplification systems as the hearing aids or even cochlear implant would have to be the first step in the process of (re) habilitation of these patients.

Palabras clave : Auditory neuropathy; Neural hearing loss; Auditory evoked potentials; Auditory Dyssynchrony Hearing loss in high risk newborns.

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