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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

PINOCHET R, Karina; ALEGRIA B, Karen; ROMERO A, Marcelo  y  CANETE S, Oscar. Effects of varying the intensity of the primary tones on the amplitudes of Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions (OAEdp) in patients with normal hearing. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.3, pp.235-242. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162012000300005.

Introduction: Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) are sounds produced by outer hair cells. The generation and recording of evoked OAE depends on technical factors such as level of intensity of primary tones, frequency relationship between the tones, etc. Aim: To study the effect of varying the intensity of primary tones in the amplitude of the response of Distortion Product OAE (DP) in individuals with normal hearing. Material and method: 35 individuals were measured using different intensities OAEdp primary tones: Low Intensity (I1= I2 =50dBSPL 50dBSPL e), Medium Intensity (11= I2 =65dBSPL 55dBSPL e) and High Intensity (I1 =70dBSPL and I2 =70dBSPL). Results: Using Low primary tones (I1 =I2 =50dBSPL 50dBSPL) there is a decrease in amplitude and presence of DPOAE, while for primary tones at higher intensities (I1 and I2 = = 55dBSPL 65dBSPL -11 =70dBSPL and I2 =70dBSPL) an increase in amplitude and presence of OAEdp in subjects with normal hearing was observed . Conclusion: There are statistically significant differences in OAEdp amplitude by varying the intensity of the primary tones. Therefore medium-high intensities are best suited for the evaluation of OAEdp in subjects with normal hearing.

Palabras clave : Otoacustic Emissions; primary levels; tones levels; tones variation; distortion product.

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