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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

On-line version ISSN 0718-4816

Abstract

ALVAREZ N, Hiram  and  VILLAMOR, Perla. Complications of tracheostomy in pediatric patients. Literature review. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2018, vol.78, n.3, pp.318-325. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0717-75262018000300318.

Indications of tracheostomy in children have changed considerably in recent years, as well as the epidemiological profile of patients, and morbidity and mortality related to this procedure. Complications of pediatric tracheostomy can be classified into intraoperative, immediate and late. Overall mortality in pediatric patients with tracheostomy ranges from 13% to 19%. However, less than 5% is directly attributable to tracheostomy. This review will cover the most frequent complications associated with pediatric tracheostomy with recommendations for its prevention and management.

Keywords : Pediatric tracheostomy; pediatric airway; surgical complications.

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