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Revista de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4816

Resumen

CHUANG C, Ángela et al. Gender equality in otolaryngology?. Rev. Otorrinolaringol. Cir. Cabeza Cuello [online]. 2019, vol.79, n.4, pp.387-394. ISSN 0718-4816.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48162019000400387.

Introduction:

Everyday more women enter medicine schools and to traditionally known as “male predominant” specialization programs (surgical and medical-surgical specialties). Internationally, efforts have been made to understand the reality regarding gender equality in otolaryngology, but little is known about the Chilean scene.

Aim:

To evaluate the perception on gender equality in otolaryngology of residents and physicians of the specialty in Chile. Also, to evaluate the association between gender and aspects of labor and personal life.

Material and methods:

Elaboration and distribution of a survey that collects epidemiologic, schooling, personal and labor life information, additionally questions related to perception of harassment and/or gender discrimination.

Results:

139 people surveyed (55% men, 75% ≤40 years old, 72% specialists). Statistically significant difference was found in the perception of negative discrimination against women during residency and in work places, greater report of questioning of surgical abilities and sexist comments against women. No statistical difference was found in the perception of sexual harassment nor variation of work hours after mother or fatherhood.

Conclusion:

The female population surveyed reported a greater perception of gender discrimination. Efforts to study gender equality situation should be increased and friendly environments for professional development independent of gender should be generated.

Palabras clave : Otolaryngology; sexism; women’s rights; Chile.

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