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RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4883

Resumen

CROUS, BERTA  y  GRACIA, LLUÏSA. VERBS OF MOTION, CHANGE OF STATE AND THE CATEGORIZATION OF PHYSICAL AND MENTAL DISORDERS. RLA [online]. 2015, vol.53, n.1, pp.149-174. ISSN 0718-4883.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48832015000100008.

This paper shows how Catalan speakers' categorization of physical and mental dirsorders influences the verb selection and the syntactic structure of the sentences expressing the relation between a disorder and the animate entity it affects. The verbs taken into consideration are agafar 'to take' (transitive and inaccusative), venir 'to come' y sortir 'to go out'. These verbs can be used to express the appearance of a disorder, a process that can be viewed as the movement of the disorder towards a person or from his interior. Three properties attributed to the disorder that can determine the use of the verbs have been detected: its temporal delimitation, its corporal scope and its origin, internal or external to the organism. The use of these three verbs of change of state is also compared to the stative verb tenir 'to have', which can be used to express the state subsequent to the disorder appearance.

Palabras clave : Physical and mental disorder categorization; verbs of motion; verbs of change of state; syntactic structure.

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