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RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada

versión On-line ISSN 0718-4883

Resumen

FLAX, ROCÍO. THE CRIMINALIZATION OF THE IMMIGRANT IN THE ACT 70/2017: A CONTRIBUTION FROM THE DISCOURSE ANALYSIS. RLA [online]. 2019, vol.57, n.1, pp.181-201. ISSN 0718-4883.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48832019000100181.

In the year 2003 Migration Law No. 25871 was passed in Argentina. This law replaced the legislation in force since the last civic-military dictatorship and recognized migration as a human right, establishing guaranties by the Government. In 2017, President Mauricio Macri issued Act No. 70/2017 as a modificatory of the Migration Law. In this work, we seek to determine what social representations are constructed about immigrants in the Act of 2017 and what resources are used to legitimize them. We will analyze the introduction of the Act, the general considerations, which justify the need and urgency of changes in the legislation of 2003. Our working hypothesis is that the Act insistently associates immigrants with criminality and the insecurity feeling present in Argentina at that moment, and in turn, legitimizes this representation by presenting it as an evident truth, known and accepted by all. Therefore, the Act restricts the rights of foreigners residing in the country and shows this restriction as justified. For the analysis of the representations we will consider: 1) the distribution of processes and participants in the clauses (Hodge and Kress, 1993) and 2) the conceptual frames that are activated (Lakoff, 2002, 2010) to talk about the immigrants. For the study of forms of legitimation, we will follow the categories proposed by Hart (2010, 2014).

Palabras clave : Political discourse; immigration; social representations; frames; legitimation.

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