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Estudios constitucionales

On-line version ISSN 0718-5200

Abstract

SARMIENTO ERAZO, Juan Pablo. CONSTITUTIONAL POPULISM AND REELECTIONS, INSTITUTIONAL VICISSITUDES IN THE SOUTH AMERICAN EXPERIENCE. Estudios constitucionales [online]. 2013, vol.11, n.1, pp.569-602. ISSN 0718-5200.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52002013000100016.

The recent Latin American comparative experience seems to have a common denominator, strong executive powers that have ruled for many presidential periods, at the expense of each constitutional model. Different variables sociological, political and economic might explain this situation, however, this article argues that the constitutional courts are the latest institutional spaces that have strengthened or have rethought the contemporary state model, favoring the extension of presidential power. To develop this research, I have taken the cases ofVenezuela, Colombia and Ecuador, particular experiences where presidents of the last decades have refounded the existing constitutional order and have extended their own presidential periods.

Keywords : Neoconstitutionalism; constitutional courts; presidential reelection; constitutional populism; presidentialism; constitutional reform; substitution of the constitution.

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