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Estudios de economía

On-line version ISSN 0718-5286

Abstract

ELACQUA, GREGORY; MARTINEZ, MATÍAS; SANTOS, HUMBERTO  and  URBINA, DANIELA. School closures in Chile: Access to quality alternatives in a school choice system. Estudios de Economía [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.2, pp.179-202. ISSN 0718-5286.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-52862012000200005.

In this paper, we analyze the schooling alternatives of families that could face school closure. This article identifies, characterizes, and georeferences the institutions classified as low-performing by the SEP Law along with their closest alternatives. The findings indicate that a significant number of families do not have any quality alternatives nearby, particularly families in rural areas and/ or in schools with a high percentage of low SES students. Additionally, when admissions barriers and family preferences are incorporated in the analysis, school alternatives are considerably reduced. Alternatives are further reduced when using a more stringent definition of school quality.

Keywords : Accountability; School choice; Education policy; School closure.

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