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vol.42 issue4Intrathermocline eddies at the Juan Fernández Archipelago, southeastern PacificInitial assessment of coastal benthic communities in the Marine Parks at Robinson Crusoe Island author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Latin american journal of aquatic research

On-line version ISSN 0718-560X

Abstract

RODRIGO, Cristián  and  LARA, Luis E. Plate tectonics and the origin of the Juan Fernández Ridge: analysis of bathymetry and magnetic patterns. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. [online]. 2014, vol.42, n.4, pp.907-917. ISSN 0718-560X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol42-issue4-fulltext-15.

Juan Fernández Ridge (JFR) is a cα. 800 km long alignment of seamounts and islands which is thought to be fed by a deep mantle plume. JFR includes the Friday and Domingo seamounts in the western active edge close to the active hotspot, and the O'Higgins Seamount and Guyot at the eastern limit just in front of the Chile-Perú trench. Recent bathymetric (Global Topography) and magnetic (EMAG-2) datasets were interpreted both qualitatively and quantitatively by means of 3D inverse modeling and 2D direct modeling for geometry and susceptibility, together with an interpretation of the synthetic anomalies related to the classical hypothesis of deep seafloor spreading. Topographic and magnetic patterns are used to understand the tectonic evolution and origin of the JFR, especially in the western segment. Results show a continuous corridor with a base at ~3900 m depth formed by four groups of seamounts/islands with a number of summits. The deep ocean floor is ~22 to ~37 Myr old and is younger to the south of the Challenger Fracture Zone that runs in a SW-NE direction. The magnetic pattern of the western JFR segment, which is different than the eastern one, has no correlation with bathymetry and does not present a common polarity nor fit with magnetic models for isolated bodies. This superposition of magnetic patterns indicates a role of the faults/fractures of the Nazca Plate. Geological evidence supports the hypothesis of a fixed mantle plume for the origin of JFR but our data suggest that tectonic processes play a role, thus fueling the global controversy about these competing processes.

Keywords : seamounts; hotspots; magnetic anomalies; bathymetry; Juan Fernández Ridge.

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