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Latin american journal of aquatic research

versión On-line ISSN 0718-560X

Resumen

SANCHES-ALVES, Denis Rogério et al. Compelling palatability of protein hydrolysates for Nile tilapia juveniles. Lat. Am. J. Aquat. Res. [online]. 2019, vol.47, n.2, pp.371-376. ISSN 0718-560X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol47-issue2-fulltext-19.

This study aimed at determining the compelling palatability of different protein hydrolysates for Nile tilapia juveniles (Oreochromis niloticus). Four isoproteic (30% crude protein) and isoenergetic (3,200 kcal kg−1) experimental diets were formulated, with a 5% inclusion level of poultry hydrolysate protein (PHF), or swine liver hydrolysate protein (PHS), or feather hydrolysate protein (PHP) and a control treatment containing 5% of fishmeal (FPE). Four juveniles (2.9 ± 0.01 g) were distributed in 10 L tanks and fed four times a day, and before each feeding event, diets were drawn. The same amount of pellets from each diet was offered, and feeding behaviors were recorded during three minutes for each feeding event, referred to the time of capture of the first pellet, number of pellet rejections, and number of approximations without capturing pellets and quantity of consumed pellets. A significant effect (P < 0.05) was observed regarding a higher consumption of pellets and palatability index for PHF, followed by PHS, FPE, and PHP. Therefore, it was concluded that PHF provided the highest compelling palatability for Nile tilapia juveniles, by displaying a 10.82% increase of the palatability index, 17% of final feed consumption, and presented a rejection number 6.89 times lower than FPE.

Palabras clave : Oreochromis niloticus; feed attractant; palatability agent; nutrition; behavior; aquaculture.

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