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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

BOITANO G, Angela. Mapuche demand: tension between identity and difference, citizenship and community, particularism and universalism. Polis [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.28, pp.307-321. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682011000100016.

Mapuche claim forces us to think of an " incardinated subject" holding certain reivindications strictly modern in their claim for recognition of difference, while challenging the notion of universal citizenship and possing a territorially anchored demand and based on an emancipatory rights discourse. Indeed, it refocusse us on the building of a collective identity which is an effect, on the one hand, of an exclusion and misrecognition and, on the other hand, of a global environment that makes them more visible fragments not tied, as its counterface. Finally, it confonts us to universal demand for the right to a meaningful life. We propose to consider identity from a de-essentialized perspective that emphasizes -firstly- the role of language in structuring social relations and -next- the relevance of the non-narrativized of the social field.

Palabras clave : Mapuche minority; demands; collective identity; performativity; citizenship; universalism/particularism.

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