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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568


OLMEDO REYNOSO, Clara  y  CEBERIO DE LEON, Iñaki. Antagonism: Environmental Defense vs. Employment Defense. Polis [online]. 2011, vol.10, n.29, pp.389-411. ISSN 0718-6568.

In this article, and from the sociology of work, we argue that the recurring antagonisms between sectors that defend the environment and those who defend the jobs are a political fiction. We base this argument on an ontological and epistemological thinking, through which we unveil a chain of hierarchies, inequalities, domination and exploitation, legitimated in the modern ideology of development and unlimited progress. An ideology under whose axis emerges a fictitious community of interests in which labor and capital share similar desires of progress and success. A fiction which happens to be a political and ideological strategy to portray environment's advocates as antagonistic to job creation and development, as we can see in the salmon industry in southern Chile, approached here only as a "witness" case. A political strategy that acquires its full meaning in countries like Chile, where there is a double and growing process of precarization of nature and naturalization of job precariousness.

Palabras clave : antagonism; labor; environment; political fiction; precarization of nature; naturalization of job precariousness.

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