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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568


CARRASCO H, Noelia. History of relations between forestry companies and Mapuche communities in Chile: Contributions to the ethnographic reconstruction of economic development ininterethnic contexts. Polis [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.31, pp.355-371. ISSN 0718-6568.

During the last fifteen years, in the central-south area of Chile,there is evidence of a broad set of situations that define the relationship betweenMapuche communities and forestry companies. These situations range from tensionand confrontation to glimpses of dialogue, and even cooperation arrangements. Inthe framework of these processes, the plasticity of the positions of both communitiesand companies has been highlighted. Also both positions had to be placed withinnew legal and ethic-politic coordinates in relationship with indigenous people. Inthis regard, Chilean signature of the ILO 169 and the changes that this implies to the regulations affecting the relationship between businesses and indigenouscommunities, are particularly important. Indigenous communities, in turn, alsoundergo their own rethinking process facing the new political and economicconditions that affect them, as well as national indigenous policy. This articleprovides an overview of the forms and contents that affect the relationship betweenforestry companies and the mapuche people in Chile during the last fifteen years,including facts and cross challenges. It examines the relevance of ethnographicapplications about expressions of economic development in inter-ethnic contexts,and concludes around the roles that both social sciences and actors involved in development processes are assuming in the last period.

Palabras clave : ethnographic analysis; Mapuche communities; forestry companies.

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