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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568


VALDES SUBERCASEAUX, Ximena. Temporal and spatial desynchronization among work and family: Making your salary in seasonal migration of grape harvest temporary workers. Polis [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.31, pp.449-476. ISSN 0718-6568.

Mobility and seasonal migrations are part of the labour marketthat generates agriculture and the export sector of agroindustry. Fruits and speciallygrapes demand many workers, male and female, during the crops period. Thisstudy was made in the Region of Atacama, mainly in the Copiapó Valley. This areais special for the production of grapes for international markets. In this area, salariesand wages are better than in other fruit activities. Also the grapes activities need alot of labor working in short term periods. Many people come year by year to theCopiapó Valley for the period of crops. This paper studies the use of the annualworking period of temporary workers, to understand migration mobility, the incomesof those who at some time of the year work here, the kind of jobs they undertakeand the places where they carry them out. The corpus of this paper are individual and group interviews to temporary workers of different ages, gender , ethnic andnational origin, in the Valley of Copiapó. The study wants to understand theconsequences of this kind of temporary jobs in the unity and composition of thefamilies. Workers, male and female, transit through many different agriculturalactivities in different parts of the territory. as well as across borders. Sex, familysituation, social conditions (poverty of peasant and indigenous economy,unemployment, low salaries in their places of residence) explain different patternsof migrations for sex and age.

Palabras clave : work; family; migrations.

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