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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

LIZCANO FERNANDEZ, Francisco. Conceitos de cidadão, cidadania e civismo. Polis [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.32, pp.269-304. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682012000200014.

This article states the differences and relationships between twoconceptions of citizenship _one concerned with juridical aspects and the otherwith ethical aspects_ in relation to sovereign communities or countries. To definethe ‘citizen’ according to the first conception, inhabitants may be 1) immigrants or2) nationals; nationals are subclassified as 2.1) citizens or 2.2) subjects, i.e., nationalswithout political rights (children and citizens with suspended political rights).According to the second conception, inhabitants are classified as 1) children orpeople psychologically unable to fulfill political participation and 2) citizens inbroad sense; citizens are subclassified in 2.1) passive or 2.2) active. Active citizensmay be either union citizens or ideological citizens, which can be authoritarian ordemocratic. These classifications and definitions are drawn from comparing whathas been said about the concepts of citizen, citizenship and civic-mindedness in three language dictionaries and eight lexicographical dictionaries and encyclopedias.

Palabras clave : citizenship; citizen; civic-mindedness; and democracy.

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