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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

DELAMAZA ESCOBAR, Gonzalo. From civil elite to political elite: Reproduction of power in contexts of democratization. Polis [online]. 2013, vol.12, n.36, pp.67-100. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682013000300004.

This article analyzes the trajectories of people who were part ofthe chilean political elite between 1990 and 2010 and who came from civil societyorganizations. For that it uses data from a trajectory survey of 386 people whooccupied top positions in the executive, parliament and political parties during theperiod. We analyze the origin, access channels and institutional placement of personsfrom civil society and, eventually, their way out of formal positions of politicalpower.We hypothesize that the institutional constraints and the design of «reinforceddemocratic elitism» of the chilean transition meant that the wide segment of civilsociety that came to political power, previously belonged to privileged positionswithin it, mainly to the more educated segment. It also reinforced the importanceand consolidation of a «techno-political elite», mainly in the executive branch.

Palabras clave : political elite; civil society; technopolitics; democratization.

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