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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

VAN TREEK, Esteban Valenzuela  y  YEVENES AREVALO, Paolo. Approaching the concept of political cooptation: the presicratic machine and its forms. Polis [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.40, pp.469-488. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682015000100022.

The article seeks to investigate one of the conceptualizations of Political Science and Sociology, which has played a key role in the ongoing development of states, mainly in Latin America, and that in the last century has developed as a key formula in the maintenance of governmental legitimacy. Cooptation policy becomes a tool of political control. Thus, the use of this "political formula" is opposed to decentralization policy paradigms, autonomy and community participation. Theoretical-conceptual and systemic development of clientelism and cooptation is analyzed, looking to interlock both principles in order to allow a description of current government policies. The political cooptation is the weapon of predominant presicratics governments in Latin America, marked by controlling centralism and presidentialism that prevent autonomy and power of subnational entities. We will approach the dynamics of cooptation, proposing to conceptual construction, structural and subtle ways.

Palabras clave : Cooptation; clientelismo; autonomy; centralism.

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