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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

BOITANO G., Angela. The exclusion of the other coming from the elite and the State. Polis [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.41, pp.353-372. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682015000200022.

Between the Chilean state and the Mapuche people there is a deep-rooted lack of dialogue, which is related to the formation of the Chilean state. The Chilean state was produced and imposed by the Chilean elite. The Chilean elite modeled the state based on its own self-image, as homogenous and civilizing. Therefore differences with the Mapuche people were made invisible. Similarly, the Chilean state sought to assimilate the Mapuche people into the Chilean society because of its "civilizing" spirit. However, the same civilizing spirit eventually made it possible for the Mapuche people to engage with the Chilean state in a postmodern exchange thanks to interculturalism. Currently the Mapuche people challenge multiculturalism -favoured by the Chilean state- as it does not account for the act of recognition involved in living with the otherness.

Palabras clave : State; elite; hegemony; exclusion; mapuche intelectual; multiculturalism; interculturalism.

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