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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

MONARES, Andrés. Impossible solidarity: Economy and human beings’ natural egoism. Polis [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.45, pp.141-163. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-65682016000300008.

Modern dominant economic discipline presumes a maximizing egotistical human nature. These fundamentals, although expressed in technical terms today, have their origin in moral philosophy, and specifically in the work of the Scottish moralist Adam Smith.  As was evident at the time, the author presumed the human species inherent Evil given the Original Sin and the providential direction of individuals due to this Evil. These metaphysical assumptions conditioned the further development of the discipline and its rejection of solidarity. In this regard, in spite of the overall ignorance of these assumptions, modern economic vision emphasizes egotism as the motor of human behavior, and thus finds the proposition of systems based on solidarity futile and unrealistic. However, other sociocultural disciplines, in addition to demonstrating the falseness of the egotistical assumption have contributed to stress the importance of socio-economic institutions in the various sustainability systems. This in turn, signifies the recognition of the cultural influences on the ethics of economics; be them egotism or solidarity.

Palabras clave : Solidarity; egoism; economic science; social and solidarity economy; economic institutions.

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