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Polis (Santiago)

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6568

Resumen

CARO MOLINA, Pamela; ROMAN ALONSO, Helena  y  ARMIJO GARRIDO, Lorena. Women's bodies, gender meanings and symbolic limits in large-scale mining in Chile. Polis [online]. 2020, vol.19, n.55, pp.186-211. ISSN 0718-6568.  http://dx.doi.org/10.32735/s0718-6568/2020-n55-1448.

This article seeks to unveil the ways in which women mining workers signify their bodies, as a symbolic barrier that produces segregation, discrimination and marginalization, interpreted from the notions of symbolic violence, differential value of the sexes, gender inequality, precariousness and social stigma. Using a qualitative methodology, through the analysis of 31 interviews with operators and supervisors, perceptions are interpreted and triangulated around trajectories and experiences of gender relations in large-scale mining. Corporality as a limit and violence is expressed in the sexualization of their bodies; judgment and undervaluation due to less physical force; rejection, stigmatization and trivialization of the reproductive body; as well as in demands for personifying hegemonic male traits to inspire respect, but without "losing femininity", which is classic, causing distress and confrontation.

Palabras clave : women's bodies; mining operations; symbolic violence; gender barriers.

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