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Psicoperspectivas

versión On-line ISSN 0718-6924

Resumen

CARO MOLINA, Pamela. Inequality and transgression in rural Chilean women: Readings from intersectionality, gender and feminism. Psicoperspectivas [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.2, pp.125-137. ISSN 0718-6924.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/psicoperspectivas-vol16-issue2-fulltext-1050.

From the analytical categories of gender and intersectionality, this article proposes to understand, collecting female stories in the first person, both inequalities and transgressions experienced by rural women of different generations, against the societal test of working (productive and reproductive), in a context of agrorural transformations. Using a qualitative methodology -application and analysis of 44 individual and group interviews in depth- carried out in the Aconcagua Valley (mainly in the communes of Putaendo, but also in Santa María, San Felipe and San Esteban), we were able to unveil processes of female awareness and denaturalization of historical gender and class discriminations, up to now, that show inequalities rooted in the micro and macro social fields, and based on patriarchy embodied in subjects and institutions. The results show the coexistence of adult female discourses that reveal the liberation of traditional cultural precepts with processes of reproduction of interconnected injustices. We conclude that the present is a time of tension between changes and continuities, between emancipations and oppressions, which, with nuances, circulates in women of different generations, being one of the levers of the rupture of traditional precepts the search and exercise of autonomy Economic and symbolic development of women and girls.

Palabras clave : feminism; gender; inequality; rural women; transgression.

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