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Psicoperspectivas

On-line version ISSN 0718-6924

Abstract

LOPEZ, Verónica; LITICHEVER, Lucía; VALDES, René  and  CEARDI, Andrea. Translating policies on school climate: Analysis of sociotechnical devices in Argentina and Chile. Psicoperspectivas [online]. 2019, vol.18, n.1, pp.117-131.  Epub Mar 15, 2019. ISSN 0718-6924.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/psicoperspectivas-vol18-issue1-fulltext-1484.

Sociomaterial devices are key to understanding the translation of public policies into local practices. In this article we describe and analyze from a comparative perspective policies and practices of school climate in Chile and Argentina, from a perspective of the Theory of Actor Network (ANT), focusing on two sociotechnical devices: the classbook and its positive and negative annotations; and the charge note, used in Chile and Argentina respectively for the implementation and regulation of coexistence. The methodology included non-participant observations, in-depth interviews and a comparative analysis of the devices and the social regulations they proposed. We analyzed these devices using four analytical axes: the resolution of conflicts, the call for student participation, training for citizenship, and the construction of students as subjects. The results indicate that both devices form a network of sociomaterial relationships that position students differently with also distinguishable implications regarding their (auto versus hetero) regulation of behavior and the construction of student-subjects within the school system.

Keywords : actor-network theory; Argentina; Chile; devices; public policies; school climate.

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