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Byzantion nea hellás

On-line version ISSN 0718-8471

Abstract

GARCIA CATALDO, HÉCTOR EDUARDO. HOMER LIVE, THEN AND NOW. Byzantion nea hellás [online]. 2012, n.31, pp.13-28. ISSN 0718-8471.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-84712012000100001.

Homer's work entails a number of questions linked both to the tradition it inaugurates and to the critique it raised in the becoming of its own culture. This article studies one of those critical aspects starting from the analysis which Plato makes in his Republic against the content of the verses of Homeric poetry. Platonic criticism has its foundation in ethical and political criteria, following rational principles according to the model of citizen-man which the philosopher himself proposes. Therefore, the aesthetics of Homer's work does not respond to that model. The erasure ofthe verses in this respect means the obliteration ofwhat is most enigmatic in the nature of human beings and which keeps suspended in the air its force until today, which Homer foresaw with full diaphaneity and expressed with a beauty frankly unequaled, unraveling the erotic humus of human physis, that from then and still that from now.

Keywords : Homeric poetry; Platonic criticism; intertextuality; love-passion.

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