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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560


GARRIDO, Javiera et al. Blood Pressure control in Hypertension, an unresolved challenge: Improvements achieved throughout the Chilean Cardiovascular Health Program. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2013, vol.32, n.2, pp.85-96. ISSN 0718-8560.

Background: Blood pressure (BP) control is a necessary requirement to reduce cardiovascular events and mortality in hypertensive patients, but so far results have been disappointing in Chile and also in countries with advanced socioeconomic development. Since 2002 a Cardiovascular Health Program (CHP) was launched in Chile attempting to improve the outcomes in these patients. Objectives: To assess the influence of sociodemo-graphic, clinical, anthropometric, psychosocial, lifestyle habits characteristics upon BP control (<140/90 mmHg) in a group of hypertensive patients referred to the CHP. Methods: A cross sectional study of a random sample of 525 hypertensive patients (380 women) obtained from a universe of 1,533 patients with ages ranging from 30 to 68 years was performed. Socio-demographic, clinical, anthropometric, psychosocial and lifestyle habits data were collected through clinical evaluation and validated questionnaires. Trai-ned personnel using standard protocols recorded BP. Adjusted ODDS RATIOS were used to assess theinfluence of different population characteristics upon blood pressure control . Results: A controlled BP (<140/90 mmHg) was achieved in 47% of patients, and 38.5% presented diabetes mellitus (DM). Significant predictors of uncontrolled BP (>140/90 mmHg) were DM, low education, unsatisfactory patient-physician relation, and high score of emotional stress /depression. Conclusions: In Chile the CHP has achieved an important progress in BP control in hypertensive patients. Psychosocial factors influenced significantly these results. It is concern the high proportion of diabetics in this hypertensive population and their unsatisfactory BP control. The lower proportion of men enrolled in the CHP needs additional analysis and corrective actions.

Keywords : Hypertension; blood pressure control; primary care; psychosocial factors.

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