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Revista chilena de cardiología

versão On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumo

VEAS, Nicolás et al. Intracoronary Adenosine during Primary Angioplasty and Coronary Flow preservation. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2015, vol.34, n.2, pp.93-99. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602015000200002.

Background: The effect of Intracoronary adenosine for coronary flow preservation during primary PTCA is debatable. Clinical studies have not established a benefit of adenosine administration upon epicar-dic or microcirculatory flows. Aim: to evaluate micro circulatory flow preservation after administration of intracoronary adenosine during primary PTCA. Method: From 2012 to 2014, 122 patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction randomized to either adenosine of control (2:1) were included in a controlled clinical trial. Adenosine was administered in a 120 mg bolus followed by 6mg solution during 2 to 3 min. Epicardic and micro vascular flows were evaluated through clinical, angiographic, electrocardiographic and reperfusion variables. TIMI (cTFC) and myocardial "blush" were measured by blind observers. Results: Basal characteristics, namely age and co-morbidities were similar between groups. Also, the distribution of coronary vessels involved in MI was similar with a preponderance of the LAD artery. There was an high proportion of patients with an elevated thrombus load (Adenosine 69%, controls 74%) ; TIMI flow 0-1 was 86% in both groups and TIMI cTFC was not different (adenosine: 87±23 , controls 88±25 ). Over 75% of patients were Killip I, and the ejection fraction was slightly decreased (adenosine 51±8% , controls 48±9% , NS). In contrast, TIMI flow was significantly greater for adenosine (TIMI 3 96% for adenosine and 74% for controls, p=0.002). No difference was observed in myocardial blush (B 3 73% in both groups) nor cTFC (24±11 vs. 26±12, respectively). Finally, regression of ST elevation was similar in both groups.  Conclusion: Intracoronary adenosine during PTCA in ST elevation MI was associated to a better epicardial but not microvascular flow. Further study is needed to evaluate the eventual clinical benefit of these effects.

Palavras-chave : adenosine; intracoronary; ST elevation myocardial infarction; primary angioplasty; coronary flow.

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