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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

VEAS, Nicolás et al. Safety of Ambulatory Coronary Angioplasty followed by tele-monitoring for 3 days after discharge. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2015, vol.34, n.2, pp.113-119. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602015000200005.

Background: Ambulatory coronary angioplasty (A-PTCA) has been performed in adequately selected patients. Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of adding post discharge tele-monitoring in patients undergoing A-PTCA Methods: Patients undergoing A-PTCA at Hospital Sotero del Rio (Santiago, Chile) from March to April 2014 were prospectively selected for addition of tele-monitoring. Patients with main left disease, lesions at bifurcations, those with evolving acute coronary syndromes, and those with heart failure were excluded. Tele monitoring for 3 days included arterial blood pressure, heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation, abbreviated (Lead II) ECG, symptoms, evaluation of puncture site and adherence to drug therapy. Pre designed continuous alerts were set in the monitoring system. Demographic and angiographic characteristics were recorded. Results: in 52 procedures inclusion and exclusion criteria were fulfilled and patients were included in the study. Mean age was 60.4 years old and 68% were males. Hypertension was present in 67%, diabetes en 29%, dyslipidemia in 37%, and and 45% smoked. 53% had prior PTCA and 3.8% prior CABG. PTCA was performed via the radial artery in all patients and 32% received more than 1 stent. No patient developed complications during or inmediately after PTCA. Angiographic result was satisfactory in all subjects. During tele-monitoring 8 patients presented high blood pressure: one was derived to the ER, all others had their medications appropiately adjusted. Four patients reported chest pain, and after EKG one was referred for coronary angiography, which showed a patent stent. 8 patients reported alterations at the puncture site, a small hematoma was present in one and just pain in the rest. There were no major complications, CVA or death, Conclusion: Tele-monitoring after A-PTCA in stable coronary patients appears to be useful in detecting events or complications, a small propotion of them requiring only treatment adjustments via telephone contact. No patient developed significant complications.

Keywords : coronary angioplasty; ambulatory monitoring.

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