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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

MOYA, Jackeline et al. Cardiac Arrest associated to Intramural Hematoma of the Anterior Descending Coronary Artery. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2015, vol.34, n.2, pp.120-129. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602015000200006.

Background: Angiotensin-(1-9) has anti-hypertensive properties and protective cardiovascular effect in hypertensive rats. However, it is unknown whether its effects are related to a kidney mechanism to balance sodium.  Aim: To determine if the anti-hypertensive effect of Ang-(1-9) is associated to a diuretic-natriuretic mechanism. Method: Sprague Dawley male rats (200±10 grs) were randomized to receive Angiotensin II by osmotic pump (400 ng/kg/min). Sham operated rats were utilized as control (n=18). Two weeks after pump setting, Sham rats with hypertension were randomized to receive placebo (n=10), Ang-(1-9)(602 ng/kg/min, n=17) or Ang-(1-9) plus A779 (Ang-(1-7) Receptor Mas blocker, 100ng/kg-1min-1, n=7) co-administration for two weeks. Arterial systolic pressure (PAS), ventricular relative mass (MVR), cardiomyocytes area and perimeter (AC and PC) and total collagen volume fraction (FVCT) were measured. Normotensive rats were utilized to evaluate diuresis and natriuresis which were randomized to receive placebo (n=8) or Ang-(1-9) (600ng/kg-1/min-1, n=8) for six days. Results: It was observed a significant rise (p<0.05) of PAS (33%), MVR (17%), AC (64%), PC (26%), FVCT (46%) was observed. Chronic administration of Ang-(1-9) reduced PAS (20%), MVR (13%), AC (35%), PC (20%) and FCVT (20%). All those effects were not mediated by Mas receptor. A significant raise was observed of diuresis and natriuresis at the second and third day of treatment in rats receiving Ang-(1-9) in comparison with normotensive rats treated with placebo. Conclusion: Ang-(1-9) reduces hypertension and cardiac remodeling in hypertensive rats. Ang-(1-9) induces natriuresis and diuresis in normotensive rats. This is the first report showing that Ang-(1-9) is associated to sodium balance in the kidney.

Keywords : Hypertension arterial; Renin-Angiotensin System; Angiotensin (1-9); Diuresis; Natriuresis.

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