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Revista chilena de cardiología

versão On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumo

BUSTAMANTE, María José et al. Quality of life: impact of a phase II Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Program. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.1, pp.09-16. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602017000100001.

Background: Cardiovascular rehabilitation (CVR) has been shown to improve functional capacity (FC) and quality of life. The relation between these aspects has been scarcely reported in Chile. Objectives: 1) To determine the impact of the CVR phase II program on quality of life as measured by the SF36 survey and 2) to determine which patient related factors can influence this relationship. Method: Prospective study in subjects who completed 36 sessions of an RCV and Secondary Prevention program (PREV2). Medical records, cardiovascular risk factors (CV), anthropometric parameters, health forecast, functional capacity (FC) (determined by meters walked on 6-minute Walking test-TM6) and SF36 scores were recorded at the beginning and end of the CVR. Results: Data on 277 subjects (78% men, age 59 years) was analyzed. There was a significant improvement in: a) walking meters (final / initial difference = 56 meters, p <0.0001), b) physical health score (68 vs 79, p <0.0001), c) emotional health (68 vs 78, p <0.0001) of the SF36. The men walked more meters (p <0.0001). There was a significant association between delta TM6 final-initial and SF36 final-initial only for physical health (p <0.01). For an increase of 10 meters walked in the final TM6, SF36 score for physical health increased 0.38 points in men ad 1.52 in women. Improvement in emotional health was significantly associated only with changes in physical health (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Patients attending a phase II cardiovascular rehabilitation program significantly improve their aerobic capacity, and their perception of physical and emotional health.

Palavras-chave : Cardiovascular rehabilitation; quality of life; secondary prevention.

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