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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

FLORES, Pablo et al. Infective endocarditis: clinical experience in the last five years. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.1, pp.34-40. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602017000100004.

Background: Infective endocarditis is a severe illness the incidence of which has increased over time. There are relatively few observational studies that adequately represent the characteristics of the disease in Chile. Aim: To describe clinical, echographic and bacteriological characteristics of patients with infective endocarditis at Carlos van Buren Hospital in Valparaíso, between 2012 and 2016. Methods: A descriptive analysis of 35 patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis was performed. Cinical, imaging findings and laboratory variables were collected. Relative frequencies, medians and figures were used to describe the results. Results: We observed an increase in cases of infective endocarditis in the last two years. Of all patients diagnosed with infective endocarditis, 80% had native valve involvement, more frequently at the aortic valve. There was an increase in non-cardiac comorbidities and Staphylococcus was identified as the main etiology. Weakness and fever were the most common symptoms, whereas more common complications were acute kidney and heart failure and embolic phenomena. A total of 14 patients died of infection, complications or after surgery surgery. Conclusions: An updated characterization of Infective endocarditis at a Chilean hospital is presen-ted. However, more studies are needed with a larger number of patients for a better characterization of the disease in our country.

Keywords : Infective endocarditis; heart valves.

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