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Revista chilena de cardiología

On-line version ISSN 0718-8560

Abstract

OCARANZA, María Paz et al. Spironolactone increases circulating levels of Angiotensin-(1-9) and reverts cardiac remodeling in experimental hypertension. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.2, pp.106-115. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602017000200003.

We have previously demonstrated that the efficacy of enalapril, candesartan and fasudil,- RhoA / ROCK inhibitor-, in the treatment of cardiac remodeling in hypertension (HT) and myocardial infarction is mediated by an increase in circulating levels of the vasoactive peptide angiotensin (Ang) -(1-9). However, it is not known whether the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, spironolactone (spiro) decreases cardiac remodeling by increasing the circulating levels of Ang- (1-9). The aim of this study was to determine whether spironolactone decreases cardiac remodeling by increasing circulating levels of Ang-(1-9) in experimental hypertension. Methods. Comparative study of 3 experimental groups. Unifirectomized male Sprague Dawley rats (150 ± 10 grams) were treated with deoxycorticos-terone (DOCA, 60 mg / kg 2 times a week, im) for 6 weeks. Unifirectomized rats were used as controls (Sham). At 3rd week after surgery, DOCA rats with HTA> 140 mmHg were randomized to receive vehicle or spironolactone (Spiro, 100 mg / kg day, gavage) for 3 weeks. At the end of treatment, systolic blood pressure (SBP), body mass (BM), heart weight (HW) and relative cardiac mass to the tibia length (MCR, mg ventricles / LT * 100) were determined. The degree of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy was determined by measuring the area and perimeter of cardiomyocytes and fibrosis by collagen content in sections stained with picrosirius red. Results (mean ± ES): http://fbpe/img/rchcardiol/v36n2/art03-2.jpg Conclusion: Spironolactone decreases systolic blood pressure and increases circulating levels of Ang-(1-9). This increase in circulating levels of Ang- (1-9) was associated with a significant decrease in hypertrophy and hypertensive cardiac fibrosis. This new effect of spironolactone on the circulating levels of Ang- (1-9) - vasoactive peptide of the parallel pathway of the re-nin-angiotensin-aldosterone system - could contribute to the antihypertensive effect and decrease of cardiac damage in HT and cardiovascular remodeling and renal disease. These findings may have therapeutic relevance supporting that Ang-(1-9) may decreases pathologic cardiovascular damage.

Keywords : spironolactone; aldosterone; renin an-giotensin aldosterone system; hypertension; angioten-sin-(1-9); cardiac remodeling.

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