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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

BAHAMONDES, Juan Carlos et al. Repair of tricuspid valve insufficiency: long-term results in 114 patients. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2018, vol.37, n.2, pp.85-92. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602018000200085.

Background

: Surgery for functional tricuspid valve insufficiency is indicated in cases of congestive heart failure usually associated to left heart valve diseases or as a concomitant surgery for other causes such as congenital or coronary disease.

Aim

: To assess and report the long-term results of tricuspid valve repair in adult patients in a regional cardiac surgery center in south Chile.

Patients and Methods

: Retrospective review of clinical and operative records of 114 patients aged 57.8 +/- 13 years (72 women) subjected to tricuspid reparative surgery concomitant with other cardiac procedures between 2009 to 2017.

Results

: In 45% of cases etiology was due to inactive rheumatic disease and 2.6% was due to endocarditis. 63% presented with atrial fibrillation and 75% were in NYHC CFIII. 15.8% had a previous cardiac valve surgery. Preoperative echocardiography showed severe tricuspid insufficiency in 56% of cases and pulmonary hypertension was severe in 39.5%. In all cases tricuspid repair was performed through the insertion of a semi rigid ring as a concomitant procedure for mitral repair/replacement in most cases, aortic valve replacement, surgical closure of an ASD, CABG surgery and the resection of cardiac tumors. Overall postoperative mortality was 16% due to multi-organic dysfunction in 6%, cardiac failure in 5% and cerebral hemorrhage in 4.3%. Mean long term follow up was 78.8+/- 7.2 months. Actuarial survival was 74% at 60 and 68% at 96 months.

Conclusion:

Surgical tricuspid valve repair for moderate to severe tricuspid insufficiency isolated or associated to other cardiac diseases provides a good symptomatic recovery, with an excellent long term survival.

Palabras clave : Tricuspid regurgitation (Mesh); tricuspid insufficiency (Mesh); heart valve disease (Mesh); heart valve annuloplasty (Mesh).

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