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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

VEGA, Julián et al. High-intensity training in marathon runners increases cardiac remodeling and diminishes oxidative stress response. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2018, vol.37, n.2, pp.93-103. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602018000200093.

Background:

Exercise reduces cardiovascular mortality and generates cardiac remodeling. High training loads can induce adverse cardiac remodeling, and its associated cardiac remodeling. Therefore, interleukin 6 (IL 6) and malondialdehyde (MDA), biomarkers of inflammatory response and oxidative stress respectively, may have a role in stratifying this risk.

Objective:

To assess the activity of IL-6 and MDA in response to a marathon race in athletes with different previous training status.

Subjects And Methods:

Prospective, single-blind study involving 16 male athletes that finished the Santiago Marathon (42 k), allocated into two groups according to their previous training: Group 1 (G1, n: 8) with high training (≥ 100 km/weekly) and Group 2 (G2, n: 8) with low training (< 100 km/weekly). Before and after the race serum levels of IL-6, MDA and transthoracic Doppler echocardiography for cardiac chamber quantification and left ventricle deformation (longitudinal strain) were measured. Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to assess statistical significance.

Results:

Age G1: 38.13±7.18 years-old vs G2: 40.38±6.63 years-old (NS). Marathon finishing time G1: 185.75±14.87 min vs G2: 219.75±24.92 min (p<0.01). Left ventricle mass G1: 91±21 g/m2 vs G2: 73±12 g/m2 (p<0.01). Left atrium volume G1: 39.4±12.6 ml/m2 vs 30.6±4.6 ml/m2 (p<0.01). LVEF G1: 55.8±3.3% vs G2: 58.6±6.7% (NS). MDA G1: PRE 0.17±0.13 uM/L, POST 0.67±0.59 uM/L, G2: PRE 0.29±0.24 uM/L, POST 1.01±1.15 uM/L (p<0.01). IL-6 G1: PRE 2.50±1.35 pg/ml, POST 93.91±27.23 vs G2: PRE 4.65±5.89 pg/ml, POST 97.83±30.72 pg/ml (NS).

Conclusion:

Physical exercise generates a rise in biomarkers (IL-6, MDA). Athletes with high-intensity training level have a diminished oxidative stress response post effort and greater cardiac remodeling.

Palabras clave : oxidative stress; ventricular remodeling; sports; running.

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