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Revista chilena de cardiología

versão On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumo

FERNANDEZ, J. Rodrigo et al. Fibrosis and right ventricular function biomarkers in marathon runners: a study at the Santiago, Chile marathon. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2019, vol.38, n.1, pp.37-45. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602019000100037.

Introduction:

Highly trained athletes show structural cardiac changes as adaptation to overload. Rise in remodeling biomarkers and myocardial fibrosis after intense exercise in athletes has been evidenced; however, the behavior of these biomarkers according to pre-competition training level has not been evaluated.

Objective:

To evaluate fibrosis biomarkers levels and right ventricle function in marathon runners according to their previous training level, in the period prior to a marathon race and immediately after it.

Methods:

Thirty-six healthy male marathon runners were included. Subjects were grouped according to their previous training level: Group 1 (G1): ≥100 km/week and Group 2 (G2): <100 km/week. Transthoracic echocardiography along with plasmatic levels of galectin-3 and amino terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) were measured one week previous and immediately after the marathon.

Results:

Post-effort right ventricle systolic function decreased in G2, together with a significant elevation of PIIIPNP (61±16 to 94±24 ng/mL, p=0.01). These changes were not observed in G1 (from 65±11 to 90±29 ng/mL, p=0.10). Plasma galectin-3 increased significantly in both groups immediately post-exercise (6.8±2.2 to 19.7±4.9 ng/mL, p=0.012, and 6.0±1.1 to 19.4±5.9 ng/mL, p=0.01, in G1 and G2. respectively).

Conclusion:

Less trained athletes evidenced higher post marathon levels of PIIIPNP which is associated with a decreased global right ventricle function. Plasma galectin-3 levels increased significantly after intense exertion regardless of the intensity of previous training.

Palavras-chave : excersice; biomarkers; fibrosis; right ventricle; myocardial injury.

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