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Revista chilena de cardiología

versión On-line ISSN 0718-8560

Resumen

ALVAREZ, Patricia et al. Cardiovascular involvement in pediatric patients with SARS-CoV-2 associated to multisystemic inflammatory syndrome. Rev Chil Cardiol [online]. 2020, vol.39, n.3, pp.208-215. ISSN 0718-8560.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-85602020000300208.

Introduction:

Pediatric Multisystemic Inflammatory Syndrome (PIMS) has emerged as a new disease in children, secondary to SARSCoV-2 infection. It is characterized by multi-organ involvement with elevated inflammatory parameters and severe clinical manifestations, the heart being the organ most severely involved.

Objective:

to describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of 23 patients diagnosed with PIMS with cardiovascular involvement hospitalized in a single center.

Method:

We conducted a retrospective study in which we analyzed the clinical and laboratory findings along with the cardiovascular manifestations presented by these patients.

Results:

23/29 patients with PIMS and cardiovascular involvement were selected, 78% had digestive and mucocutaneous manifestations. Cardiovascular manifestations consisted of KawasakiKawasaki like syndrome without coronary involvement in 15/23 (65%) and coronary involvement in 3 (13%).

Nine patients developed shock (39%), 8 (35%) myocardial injury in and 13 (56%) pericardial effusion.. Heart rhythm disorders were observed in 6 patients (26%). The main therapy was immunoglobulin and corticosteroids. 18 /23 required management in intermediate and/or intensive care unit. 70% of patients recovered from cardiovascular involvement before discharge.

Conclusion:

Cardiovascular involvement in PIMS is the most frequent complication of this disease, but it is associated with severe immunological and hematological manifestations, which makes necessary a multidisciplinary treatment for a better management

Palabras clave : COVID-19; coronary artery aneurysm; Kawasaki disease; myocardial injury.

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