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vol.11 número1WATER REQUIREMENTS AND WATER USE EFFICIENCY OF CARROT UNDER DRIP IRRIGATION IN A HAPLOXERAND SOIL índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumen

SEGUEL, O et al. CHANGES IN PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF A TYPIC HAPLOCAMBID BY ANNUAL CROP CULTURE. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.1, pp.1-15. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162011000100001.

As an alternative to organic soil amendments used in the Copiapo Valley (northern Chile), this study analyzed the magnitude of changes in physical soil properties associated with different crop rotations on the rows on a grape orchard. The study was performed in the locality of Los Loros, Atacama Region, during the 2006-2008 seasons. In a Typic Haplocambid soil (2-5% slope, coarse loam) with a 6-year old grape plantation, a control and three crop rotations were established, each with four replicates. Soil samples were taken at three depths (0-10; 10-40; 40-60 cm), evaluating bulk density, penetration resistance, aggregate stability, pore size distribution and air and water flux. Crop rotation did not produce statistical differences in soil density compared with the control treatment; nevertheless, soil mechanical strength decreased compared to the control without crops. Aggregate stability increased on the surface horizon when Poaceae and Fabaceae were used separately, but not when they were planted together. Below the surface this effect vanished and no significant differences were observed compared with the control. The leguminous crops promoted a more continuous porous system, with an increase of coarse porosity and a higher air and water flux capability. A longer time period of crop rotation is required to improve the productive potential of grapes.

Palabras clave : Porosity; aggregate stability; mechanical strength; productivity.

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