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vol.11 número1PREDICTION OF BIOAVAILABILITY OF CHLORPYRIFOS RESIDUES IN SOIL TO EARTHWORMSSTRUCTURAL REMEDIATION OF AN ALFISOL BY MEANS OF SEWAGE SLUDGE AMENDMENTS IN ASSOCIATION WITH YELLOW SERRADELA (Ornithopus compressus L.) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumen

CELIS, J.E; SANDOVAL, M.A  y  BELLO, N. NO-LINEAR RESPIRATION DYNAMICS IN A DEGRADED ALFISOL AMENDED WITH DIFFERENT DOSE OF SALMON SLUDGES. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.1, pp.58-67. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162011000100005.

No research has been conducted regarding respiration model parameters as a consequence of the application of salmon sludge on degraded Alfisols. In order to investigate kinetic parameters representing the decomposition of salmon sludge by means of respiration rates, sediment samples from a land-farmed pisciculture and a lake-salmon facility were applied to a degraded Alfisol at the Biobio region (Chile). Soil microbiological activity was evaluated on a 60-days laboratory incubation experiment under different salmon sludge addition dose: T1 25 t ha-1; T2: 50 t ha-1; T3: 75 t ha-1; T4: 100 t ha-1; T5: 150 t ha-1. A non-amended soil served as control. C02-C production was determined in samples under closed incubation. A two-component first-order regression model was applied to C02-C curves to obtain kinetic parameter values of C mineralization. The analysis confirmed that microorganisms increased their respiratory activity with time and increased sludge concentration (p ≤ 0.05). A higher microbial activity was noted when soil was amended with land-farmed sludge at 100 and 150 t ha-1, particularly after 30 days of incubation. The model showed that microorganisms needed more time to decompose labile C compounds in the salmon sludge when dose increased above 100 t ha-1. After 60 days of incubation, land-farmed sludge amended at 25 t ha-1 accumulated 44% of C02-C from a labile C source and 56% from a mineralized C pool, whereas at 150 t ha-1 showed a 76% of a labile C and 24% mineralized C.

Palabras clave : Aquaculture; decomposition of organic matter; k-value; biosolids; soil remediation; biological activity.

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