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Journal of soil science and plant nutrition

versión On-line ISSN 0718-9516

Resumen

STAMFORD, N.P et al. Nutrient uptake by grape in a Brazilian soil affected by rock biofertilizer. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.4, pp.79-88. ISSN 0718-9516.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-95162011000400006.

PK rock biofertilizers made from rocks and elemental sulphur inoculated with Acidithiobacillus improve yield of many short cycle plants similarly to soluble fertilizers. This study aims to evaluate the potential of PK rock biofertilizers for grape cultivation in the Brazilian San Francisco Valley. Three sources of P and K were compared: (a) soluble fertilizers, (b) biofertilizers plus elemental sulphur inoculated with Acidithiobacillus, and (c) ground phosphate and potash rocks, all at three application rates. A control treatment without P and K fertilization was added. Earthworm compound was applied as N source in all treatments. Grape (Vitis vinifera cv. Italia Pirovano) was cultivated in a dystrophic Planossol (medium texture) at the San Francisco River in the Brazilian Semiarid. P, K, Ca, Mg, S-SO42- and Fe concentrations were analyzed in grape leaves and fruits. The results showed adequate leaf contents of S-SO42-, K, and Fe with PK biofertilizer application plus earthworm compound, which indicates this may be alternative to soluble fertilizer for grape in soils with low available P and K.

Palabras clave : Acidithiobacillus; Vitis vinifera; mineral solubility; nutrients absorption; sulphur oxidative bacteria.

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